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This ancient plant comes in many varieties, each offering distinct compounds that provide different benefits. Find out how they work in the body.

Marijuana vs Cbd

If you’re just beginning to learn about cannabis, it can help to start with the basics. Let’s break down the different types of cannabis plants, including marijuana and hemp. Marijuana refers to cannabis plants with higher levels of THC. Hemp, on the other hand, is a cannabis plant with low levels of THC and rich in CBD.

Illustration of a marijuana plant.



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Creates a euphoric “high” feeling.
Higher in THC, the psychoactive powerhouse in cannabis, and used for a wide range of medicinal and recreational purposes

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Illustration of a hemp plant.



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Does not cause “high” sensation
This plant is used for more than 25k purposes and is the main source for CBD, which is known to provide a range of health and wellness benefits

Anatomy of Cannabis

The marijuana plant comes in 3 distinct genders: female, male, and hermaphrodite. The male cannabis plant produces the pollen needed to fertilize the female’s reproductive organs to produce seed. Hermaphrodite plants are self-fertilizing.

Male plants are generally low in THC. But female plants? They produce the beautiful flower buds that house the cannabinoids and terpenes we love to consume.

Bract / Calyx

Bracts look like tear-shaped pockets. They cover the female’s reproductive parts, and they are covered in resin glands. This is where the highest concentration of cannabinoids is produced on a plant. The calyx is inside the bract. It’s a see-through layer over the ovule at the base of the flower.


Also called a “bud site,” The cola is a cluster of buds growing tightly together. Smaller colas occur along the budding sites of lower branches, and the main cola forms at the top of the plant.


Stigmas collect pollen from male plants, and do not impact potency or taste. The color changes from white, to yellow, then orange, red and finally brown as the plant matures.

Close up shot of cannabis leaf

Trichomes refer to the frosty crystal resin gracing the surface of a cannabis bud. These small lovelies are the main source of terpenes and cannabinoids that give cannabis plants their unique effects and flavor.

How CBD and THC Work in the Body

The human body is astounding. One of our fascinating features is called the endocannabinoid system (ECS). It helps control things like our mood, appetite, and how we feel pain. Phytocannabinoids found in cannabis, like THC and CBD, work naturally with this system because they act in a similar way to the endocannabinoids in our bodies.

With a system like this, it’s no wonder why cannabis has been cultivated to provide mental and physical relief for thousands of years across a range of conditions.

Infographic featuring a human body and the elements impacted by CBD and THC.
Infographic featuring a human body and the elements impacted by CBD and THC.

Delta-9 / Delta-8 / Delta-10

Did you know that there are different types of THC? They’re all naturally occurring compounds from the cannabis plant, but they have different levels of potency and provide slightly different effects.

While Delta-9 is illegal at a federal level (for now), both Delta-8 and Delta-10 are legal because they are primarily derived from hemp. Laws vary state-to-state, though, and Delta-10 is illegal in some states.


Let’s start by looking at the OG strains (sativa and indica) and breaking down dominance.

Hand holding cannabis nugs in a small glass cup from left
floating stars and small nugs

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